Bill Knight column for Thurs., Fri., or Sat., Nov. 14, 15 or 16
First, most fast-food workers are not teen-age employees working part-time, according to new data. Most fast-food employees are trying to support families on the low-paying jobs.
More surprisingly, perhaps, more than half of front-line fast-food employees’ households have to use some form of tax-funded assistance to make ends meet – at a cost of about $7 billion a year, according to new research from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of California/ Berkeley. Fifty-two percent of these workers rely on food stamps, Medicaid or the Earned Income Tax Credit.
So: Fast-food corporations profit from taxpayers helping their workers get by.
“The data we have assembled indicate working families would directly benefit from improved pay and hours in the fast-food industry,” says the universities’ research report, “Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-Wage Jobs in the Fast-Food Industry,” which examines the use of federal and state programs by families of workers in major restaurant chains.
“We show that fast-food workers live in poorer families compared to other workers; they are primarily adults; and they require public assistance at a higher rate than the workforce as a whole,” say the study authors.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in May 2012 nearly 7 million Americans worked in the fast-food industry, including more than 500,000 cooks, 3.4 million counter workers, and 2.9 million in preparation and serving. Their average pre-tax annual income is about $18,770, a bit more than $9 an hour. For a family of three, that’s below the federal poverty line of $19,530.
McDonalds, KFC, Burger King and other fast-food giants argue that their wages are fair for the skills needed and that if they raise pay, prices would rise for the cheap-and-easy grub.
As an industry, however, fast food makes billions of dollars annually – and taxpayers essentially subsidize their corporate profits. The fast-food industry generates about $165 billion in revenue annually, based on 2011 market research by IBISWorld. McDonald’s alone last year reported operating income of more than $8 billion on gross revenues of $27.5 billion.
The research found:
* Families of fast-food workers are twice as likely to use social programs. For the workforce as a whole, the rate is 25 percent; for fast-food workers, it’s 52 percent.
“The high participation rate of families of core fast-food workers in public programs can be attributed to three major factors: the industry’s low wages, low work hours and low benefits,” researchers said.
* Fast-food workers and their families are more likely to be living in poverty than others.
“One in five families with a member holding a fast-food job has an income below the poverty line, and 43 percent have an income two times the federal poverty level or less,” the study says.
* Between 2007 and 2011, the total state and federal cost of providing public assistance to the families of fast-food workers is almost $7 billion per year. More than half the costs, $3.9 billion a year, were due to participation in Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Food stamps came to $1.04 billion a year and EITC support $1.91 billion.
* While most fast-food workers have been assumed to be teenagers living at home, only 18 percent fit that definition; 26 percent have children; 68 percent are not in school and are single, or married adults with or without children,” it notes.
* Only a minority of workers in the fast-food industry have health insurance.
“Overall, 13 percent of core front-line fast-food workers receive health benefits through their employer, compared to 59 percent for the workforce as a whole,” researchers say.
Service Employees International Union (SEIU) President Mary Kay Henry, who supports the campaign for a $15 an hour wage for fast-food workers, said, “People who work for large, profitable corporations like those in the fast-food industry should be paid enough to afford basics like housing and groceries for their families. But the reality is that hundreds of thousands of fast-food workers need food stamps and other help from public assistance and private charities just to tread water in this economy.
“Fast-food workers – like workers at Walmart and workers in airports – are taking a brave step forward together to call for a living wage and a voice at work so they can lift themselves out of poverty and contribute more to the entire economy,” she continued. “We all stand to gain when workers can better afford to drive the economy forward.”
[PICTURED: Graphic from North Carolina AFL-CIO.]